- GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of North American Geology, U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States
Evaporites and carbonates deposited in two Devonian basins of western Canada occur as peripheral evaporites with basin-filling carbonate, or peripheral carbonate with basin-filling evaporite, and reefs. The Upper Devonian Stettler Formation provides an example of a limestone-filled basin on the periphery of which are evaporites having those characteristics associated with modern sabkhas of the Arabian Gulf. Deposits associated with the first stage of reef growth in Upper Elk Point basin (Middle Devonian) provide an example of the second kind. Sedimentary units were deposited as follows: platform; reef, ending with laminar dolomite on both reef and basin-floor; bituminous calcitic and anhydritic laminites on basin-floor; and laminar halite filling interreef tracts nearly to reef-top level. During calcitic laminite and salt accumulation reefs were subaerially exposed; further reef stages supervened.